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GLOS·SA·RY

Avulsion

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

An open wound with a portion of the skin or tissue torn away from the body.

Backboard

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

A rigid board with straps to secure the body and a device to secure the head. It is used to remove a guest with a suspected spinal injury from the water while minimizing the movement of the body and head. It is also used without straps to quickly and safely remove an unconscious guest from the water.

Backboarding

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

The process used by two or more lifeguards to remove a guest with a suspected spinal cord injury from the water without further injury to the spine.

Bag-Valve-Mask (BVM)

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

A device with a face mask attached to a bag with a reservoir, and connected to oxygen, that is capable of delivering 90% supplemental oxygen to a patient.

Biological Death

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

The point when body cells and systems being to die, and survival is no longer possible; usually occurring 8 to 10 minutes after circulation stops.

Bloodborne Pathogen

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

Viruses or other disease organisms that are carried by the blood.

Body Substance Isolation

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

Articles of clothing and other devices that are worn by rescuers to limit or eliminate direct contact with a patient's potentially infectious blood or other bodily fluids.

Cardiac Arrest

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

The point in time when the heart has stopped pumping blood and functioning.

Cardiopulmonary

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

Referring to the heart (cardio) and lungs (pulmonary).

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CRP)

Also known as:
Synonyms coming soon

A combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing used to help sustain oxygen to the brain via the lungs until EMS arrives. It is used for someone who is not breathing and does not have a pulse.